Administrative thinking is a reflection of a group of situations that concern the study of individual management and management, and the existence of this thought has been associated with the absence of an administrative think tank that has relied on the treatment of human relationships, and the concern for scientific management in the way of studying methods of work and organization. The interest in the study of management thinking depends on the benefits it brings to management learners, which is to follow the origins of management science in the intellectual climate that concerned the need for effective application, and to know the factors affecting management thinking in its various directions, contents and forms.
The evolution of administrative thinking is an intellectual development linked to management science, based on a set of administrative intellectual theories, such as classical theory, human relationships, and behavioral approaches, In addition to subsequent developments in scientific management, functions and management processes,the development of administrative thinking also relied on the existence of a group of intellectual schools that contributed to the influence on management science in general. , and has led to the emergence of many models related to basics and management. Schools of Administrative Thought are a group of schools that rely on the use of a variety of hypotheses for the study of individuals and organizations.
Since the official study of management at the end of the 19th century, the science of management has evolved through a series of schools that scientists and thinkers have been interested in studying, but they have not agreed to establish a number of them, which has led to a clear difference of opinion on their number, and the following :
Information on the most important schools associated with administrative thought: Classical School is one of the oldest administrative schools associated with administrative thought, also called the traditional school, and its beginnings date back to a certain point.
Before the twentieth century AD, this school generally dealt with the management of businesses and private institutions, and was divided into three areas of study: Scientific management:
the administration that emerged at the end of the 19th century AD, and adopted the study of working methods by using a certain approach to efficiency, but resulting in the application of often arbitrary administrative decisions. , which led to the slow implementation of their work by workers, and scientific management led to conflicts between management and workers, and the administrative thinker Frederick Taylor is one of the most important supporters of this Managment.
Management: Management is a management that cares about management principles in its description that differs from scientific management, provides a more holistic theory for the study of management, and has relied on the ideas of management thinker Henry Viol, who has defined management as a process based on the implementation of a range of functions Control, organization, leadership, coordination and planning. Bureaucratic management: The department is interested in the ideal organization, and thinker Max Weber is one of the largest contributors to this project, noting that the facilities have been managed by inefficient means based on decisions associated with the law.
In personal terms, Weber suggested that some kind of organization known as bureaucracy should be applied, namely the value of dividing work into a hierarchy that depends on the choice of workers and employees, and then promoted based on their competence at work.
Behavioral School is the school that developed as a result of the weakness of the classical school because of its interest in initiation and competence, and most thinkers felt that this interest reduces the importance of management in management specifically associated with the behavior of individuals, so that the behavioral school focused on understanding all the effects that have an impact on the behavior of individuals in the work environment.
Quantitative School is the school that is interested in the use of quantitative criteria for administrative decision-making, and the emergence of the school dates back to the time of the Second World War, when it was necessary to find ways to deal with military issues.
During the war, many quantitative ideas came into business in the 1960s, and were called process research, which relied on quantitative means of expressing administrative issues, using a quantitative model or quantitative formula that included relationships. And mathematical characters.
The School of Systems is the school that has adopted the application of a general administration of systems, and noted that understanding anything depends on looking at it as a system, and the system is an important concept in this school, and is defined as a set of components that together form an entity that seeks to achieve common goals , dividing these systems into the business environment into two parts: closed systems.
Isolated systems that do not affect or affect the environment within them. Open Systems: Systems that differ from closed systems, they constantly interact with the environment in which they are located, resulting in their impact and impact on all their components.