Management decision-making

The decision is the choice between a range of alternatives when uncertainty arises[1], and defines the decision as the opinion of a person with sufficient influence and authority to make decisions.

Another definition of a decision is the act that contributes to the decision of a question or something, and leads to a certain judgment by which the appropriate decision must be made.

The concept of administrative decision is to use the authority of the administration to express its opinion in the form defined by law, based on regulations and laws, and the administrative decision contributes to many tasks within the framework of the law. Its legal framework, which contributes to the promotion or acceptance of the resignation or announcement of employee resignation, or other administrative activities, and it is important that the main objective of the administrative decision is to investigate public reform.

Management decision-making is an important function in the business environment of various companies, because it contributes to the planning of many private business activities, and management decision-making depends on a set of steps:

Diagnosis of the problem: the first step in managing decision-making is an important function that the manager or administrator should be aware of. , especially in the process of identifying the nature and composition of the problem, and the diagnosis of the problem helps to determine the type of event that led to its emergence, and helps determine the nature of the problem.

The degree of importance, and it reinforces the non-confusion between its causes and its results, which leads to the appropriate administrative decision. Gathering information and data:

this is a phase of problem understandable in a realistic and real way, which contributes to the proposal of alternatives to help solve them, by the way the information and data associated with the problem will be collected It is their own management decision, so that making effective management decisions depends on the role of the manager in obtaining the greatest number of information and data from various sources , and most management scientists have classified information and data in the following types.

  • Information and data in principle and secondary.
  • Quantitative information and data.
  • Information and qualitative data.

Facts. Developing and evaluating proposed alternatives: the third stage of management decision-making and the development of alternatives depend on a range of factors, including:

  • the policies and status of the company.
  • The private philosophy of the installation.
  • Financial resources.
  • Time available for administrative decision-making.
  • The director’s intellectual and regional tendencies.

The application of innovative thinking based on expectation, which contributes to the classification and classification of alternatives.

Choose the right alternative to solve the problem: travel that is interested in comparing a range of alternatives, in order to choose the right alternative based on a number of criteria, the most important of which is to achieve the proposed alternative to the desired goals.

The emergence of an agreement between the alternative and the values and the importance of the establishment.

Determine how quickly you can provide the solution and the exact date of the result.

Measure the nature of available environmental information. Determine the compatibility of the alternative with the particular influences in the environment surrounding the installation.

Monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the administrative decision: is the last step of administrative decision making, and is divided into the following: choose the right time to announce the administrative decision, so that the best results evaluated by the manager are achieved, in order to determine the degree of effectiveness, and how successful the decision is in achieving the goal.

Follow up on management’s decision to improve managers’ sense of responsibility. The importance of administrative decisions is the main starting point for all activities and activities within the life of businesses and institutions, Hence the importance of administrative decisions in the workplace, and summarizes this importance for the following:

the importance of administrative decisions scientifically The importance of administrative decisions is the redesign of technical and scientific tools that succeed in implementing strategies and policies within institutions and companies , so that administrative decisions play an active role in the implementation of various administrative processes.

The importance of administrative decisions in practice: the importance that is demonstrated by administrative decisions by: helps to clarify the behaviour of responsible managers, by determining the nature of external and internal factors affecting those responsible for administrative decision-making.

Management decisions are a way to measure managers’ ability to do their jobs and tasks. Administrative decisions support the oversight role of administrative activities.

The importance of administrative decisions in accordance with administrative law: the use of administrative decisions as an effective and important legal tool for carrying out special activities in administrative functions. The pillars of administrative decisions divide the pillars of administrative decisions into two types:

  • the formal pillars of administrative decisions: they are the first pillars of administrative decisions, and have two pillars
  • competence: it provided the special pillars in administrative decisions. Because it is linked to the general system, and it is so clear that the administrative decision is right, it must be issued by an authorized authority, that is, the specialty of its issuance.
  • Form and procedures: The situation is the right place for the administrative decision to be made, as it is the external aspect that contributes to the clarification of the decision, whether it is written or using other means other than drafting, such as sign or speech, and the procedures are all steps that the manager must apply when preparing the administrative decision before it is rendered

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